What are the basic ports in Australia? World route introduction 6
Australia line refers to the Australian national port route, Australia east of the Pacific Ocean, west of the Indian Ocean, the coastline of 37,000 kilometers. Located between the South Pacific and Indian Oceans, Australia is made up of islands and overseas territories such as the Australian mainland and Tasmania. It faces the Coral Sea and Tasman Sea in the Pacific Ocean to the east, and the Indian Ocean and its marginal seas to the west, north and south, with a coastline of about 36,700 kilometers. It's the only country in the world that has a continent to itself.
The main ports of the Australian line are ADELAIDE, BRISBANE, FREMANTLE, MELBOURNE and SYDNEY.
The main shipping companies attached to the Australian line are: OOCL, SYMS, MISC (low freight), CSCL, HAMBURG-SUD (medium freight, fast speed), COSCO, MAERSK, PIL, MSC (high freight, fastest speed).
Sydney Port Code: AUSYD
SYDNEY (SYDNEY) is located in the southeast of Australia, Jackson Bay, is the country's largest city, seaport and economic, transportation, trade center. There are regular sea and air routes to contact the United Kingdom, the United States, New Zealand and other countries, the harbor depth, good equipment, the port main terminal length of 18 kilometers, the annual throughput of more than 25 million tons, the main output of wool, wheat, flour, meat and textiles. Import machinery, oil, etc. Sydney is a major financial center in the Asia-Pacific region, is the world's seventh largest foreign exchange market, and its stock exchange is the second largest stock exchange in the Asia-Pacific region after Tokyo, Japan.
Port of Melbourne: AUMEL
The Port of Melbourne is located at the top of PORT PHILLIP BAY in southeast Victoria, Australia, at the mouth of the Yarra River, south of the port city and next to Bass Strait. The Port of Melbourne is the largest modern port in Australia, the export port of wool, meat, fruit and grains in the southeast region of Australia, and an important international trade port, handling 38% of the country's waterway container traffic every year.
Port of Melbourne Harbour area and berths
There are more than 80 berths in the Port of Melbourne, including more than 60 deep water berths including 8 full container berths. Container handling ranks first in the Southern Hemisphere. Outside the port, water to Port Adelay 514 nautical miles, to Fremantle 1652 nautical miles, to Sydney 520 nautical miles, to Auckland, New Zealand 1644 nautical miles, to Hong Kong 5075 nautical miles. With more than 200 ports in 110 countries around the world, in 1980 with China's Tianjin port friendship port. "Cosco" has diplomatic offices here.
The port area includes Yarra River Port area, Yaraville Port Area, New Port area, Williamston Port area, Melbourne City Port Area and Webb Port area.
Yarra River port area is close to the center of Melbourne city, is an old port area, ships along the mouth of the Yarra River port, channel water depth of 9.7 meters at low tide, wharf from east to west: South wharf, in the south bank of the Yarra River, there are more than 30 berths, of which the 15-32 berths along the water depth of 8.5-9.4 meters, for coastal and ocean general cargo, bulk cargo wharf. The North Pier, on the north bank of the Yarra River, has 17 berths, of which berths 9-17 are 8.1-9.7 m deep, berths 12-17 are accessible by rail, and berths 9 are bulk cement piers.
Victoria Harbor Area is a harbor pond controlled by the north shore, extending from northeast to southwest. There is also a small jetty extending from the northeast shore to the southwest. There are 21 berths along the harbor pond, and 3 berths extending from the northwest shore of the harbor pond to the river bank. The water depth along the shore is 8.5-11.0 meters. There is also rail access to the docks; Berths 5 and 6 are for New Zealand and on and off shore RO-RO ships; Rail access to berths 16-24 on the northwest shore;
Appleton Port area is also the waters controlled by the north bank of the Yarra River. There are five berths B, C, D, E and F on the northwest bank of the port, with a total length of 975 meters and a water depth of 10.3 meters. There are also railway connections on the terminal, among which berth D is a container terminal. Swainson Harbour Terminal is the most important container handling area in Hong Kong, with seven berths on both sides. The total length of the berths is 1650 meters and the water depth is 13.1 meters.
Yaravel Port Area in the lower west bank of Yaravel Port area, there are 6 bulk cargo berths along the river, the water depth of 7.1-10.4 meters, for loose sugar, urea, loose fertilizer, sulfur loading area; To its south is the Hordan Oil Port Pool, a berth with a water depth of 10 meters, and the new port area is on the west bank of the Yarra estuary, with the Maribi Port petrochemical terminal, a water depth of 10 meters.
The Williamstown Harbour area, on the headland on the west bank of the estuary, has a breakwater jetty (213 meters inside) extending northeast and a water depth of 11.8 meters on the southeast side of the Gillette Spur jetty pier, which is used for the input of crude oil and liquefied gas.
Melbourne Port area is in the north of the bay, opposite the Yarra River port area, there are two jetties stretching south, two berths on each side of the water depth of 10-11 meters, the east jetty is used for car and passenger ferry, two jetties for oil companies. Webb Dock area in the west of the mouth of the Yarra River, there are 5 berths, the water depth is only 7-11 meters, for coastal and ocean ro-ro ships, lifting ships container loading and unloading.
Brisbane Port Code: AUBNE
BRISBANE, named after the Scottish soldier and Governor of New South Wales Brisbane, is located in the lower reaches of the Brisbane River in the east, 22 kilometers from the mouth of the river, and is the country's third largest city and seaport, industry and commerce and transportation center. The industry is based on machinery, automobiles, sugar, meat processing, wood processing, textile, etc., and exports wool, meat, fruit and so on. The port is known for its high loading and unloading efficiency and low cost, and enjoys a reputation in the international shipping industry. There are 3 container terminals with a total length of 790 meters and a low water depth of 12 meters. It is also an important military base.
Adelaide Port Adelaide code: AUADL
Australian commercial port. Located in South Australia, on the eastern coast of the Gulf of St. Vincent, on the northwestern outskirts of the port city - the northwest end of the headland (outer harbour) and the southeast end of the headland (inner harbour). South Indian Ocean. There are 4 berths in the outer port, the water depth of the inlet channel is 12 meters, the water depth of the wharf front is 10.1-12.0 meters, and the first berth is 185 meters long for general cargo handling; The second berth is 183 meters long and is used for ocean passenger transport. Berths No. 4 or 6 are 214 and 298 meters long for ro-ro and container handling; There are 35 ton and 45 ton loading Bridges on the dock. The inner port is about 10 kilometers on both sides of the estuary at the east corner of the outer port, 12 kilometers away from the city center, and the entrance channel is 8.2-11.0 meters; There are more than 20 berths along the coast, of which No. 9 berths outside the north bank of No. 1 port pool are 133 meters long and 8.2 meters deep, and No. 25 berths are 240 meters long and 10 meters deep for ro-ro loading and unloading containers. Berths 13, 14 and 29 are 9.1-9.8 meters deep, used for ro-ro loading and unloading steel and scrap metal; Berth No. 27 is 204 meters long and 10.7 meters deep for bulk grain loading. The efficiency of two grain loading machines on the dock is 800 tons per hour. There are 6 berths HJ-N6 on the West Bank, with the exception of the upstream berth H for bulk cement loading and unloading, and the others for oil loading and unloading. There is also a bulk cargo handling area on the west bank of the channel between the inner and outer ports for the handling of bulk sugar and liquid bulk cargo. There are more than 30 berths in the port, of which more than 20 are deep water berths. The outer harbour Road runs to Melbourne Sea Road 514 in the east, 762 nautical miles to Hobart Port, 246 nautical miles to Waiala Port in the west, and 1358 nautical miles to Fremantle Port.
FREMANTLE Port code: AUFRE
Australian commercial port. Located in the southwest of Western Australia in the mouth of the Swan River, southwest of Perth City, the port has an internal and external port. The inner harbor is in the mouth of the Swain River, expanding into the harbor basin on the basis of the river, extending more than 2 kilometers from northeast to southwest, and the water depth in the harbor is more than 11 meters; The southeast bank is Victoria Pier, with 8 berths and a total length of 1,633 meters, of which the G and H berths are passenger berths; the northwest bank is the North Pier, with a total length of 1,790 meters and 12 berths, of which berths 1, 2, 6-8, 11 and 12 are container loading and unloading. Almost all of the 120,000 TEUs loaded and unloaded in the port in the late 1980s are carried out here.
The outer port includes the outer coast of the estuary, especially the east coast of Koppen Bay in the south of the estuary, with the wind protection of Gerdon Island, the mainland has a bauxite smelter terminal (2 berths), steel mill terminal (2 berths), refinery terminal (3 berths), fertilizer plant terminal (2 berths), grain and other bulk cargo terminals, with a total length of 1687 meters. The water depth at the front is 11-16 meters, and it is the most important bulk cargo port area in Hong Kong, serving industrial enterprises.
There are about 30 deep-water berths in Hong Kong, with a cargo throughput of 17.37 million tons, of which more than 1,500 tons of dry and wet bulk cargo, 5.03 million tons of crude oil, ore, coal, industrial products, general merchandise; Exports grain, livestock products, etc., northwest sea route to Jeralton port 211 nautical miles, to Jakarta, Indonesia 1760 nautical miles, to Colombo, Sri Lanka 3120 nautical miles, to Aden 4900 nautical miles; 4,950 nautical miles west to Cape Town, South Africa; South to Albany Port 368 nautical miles, to Melbourne 1625 nautical miles. The city of Hong Kong has translated "Perth".