Because of container is new modern shipping type. It has many differences from traditional shipping transport. At present, there is no effective and universally accepted unified approach for container transportation in the world, However, in dealing with the specific container business, countries generally adapt similar practices. Now, according to the current international practice on container business, the brief introduction is as follows:
The container cargo loading ways
According to the number and method of packing, containerized can be divided into LCL and LCL .
Refers to 20ft, 40ft, 40HQ, 45HQ full container as unit. In this case, the cargo owner has enough cargo source to load a or several full container usually used. In addition to some large cargo owners own container, it is generally to the carrier or container leasing company to rent container. After the empty box to the factory or warehouse, under the supervision of customs officers, the owner puts the goods into the box, locks, seals with aluminum and hands to the carrier and obtains a station receipt, and finally gets a bill of lading or waybill with the receipt, supplements with the principal box, count and lead seal clause.
Refers to the situation which the carrier (or agent) accepts the consignment of the number of less than a full container of small freight, and carrier and freight forwarder will carry out the sorting based on the nature of the cargo type and destination. In this case, carrier and freight forwarder will pool the shipments going to the same destination into a certain number of containers. It is called consolidation because there are shipments from different owners pooling in one box. This is used when the shipper does not have enough consignments to fill a full container.The sorting, collation, consolidation, packing (unpacking) and delivery of LCL cargo are carried out at the container freight station at the carrier's terminal or at the inland container transfer station.
Container cargo delivery ways
So, Container divided into FCL and LCL.there are some different from delivery ways.
Full container to delivery, FCL receive (FCL/ FCL)
The consignor delivery the full container to the carrier in factory and warehousing. The consignee receives the goods in the same FCL at destination, in other words ,The carrier is responsible for the delivery of FCL, the cargo Vanning and unpacking is responsible by consigner .
LCL to delivery LCL receive
The consignor accepts the consignment of the number of less than a full container of small freight to carrier , The carrier Stuffing and Vanning to transport destination and Unstuffing, after unpacking ,the consignee can accept the cargo for the bills, the cargo Packing and unpacking by carrier.
Full container delivery.LCL receive
The consignor delivery the FCL container to carrier in factory and warehousing. After unpacking by the carrier , at the destination container freight station or inland transfer station, the consignee receives the goods against documents.
LCL delivery , FCL receive
The consignor will deliver less than FCL of the receipt to the carrier at the container terminal or inland transfer station. According to the carrier's classification and adjustment, the same consignee's goods are grouped into FCL. After being delivered to the destination, the carrier delivers FCL and the consignee recives FCL.
At last, FCL delivery, FCL connection effect is the best ways. And it have best advantages for container