What are the routes to Canada? Introduction to world routes 4


Industry Encyclopedia

Canada line refers to the port routes in Canada. Canada lies in the northern part of North America. The Atlantic Ocean in the east, the Pacific Ocean in the west, Alaska in the northwest, Greenland (Dan) in the northeast across the Davis Strait, the United States mainland in the south, and the Arctic Ocean in the north up to the Arctic Circle. The coastline is more than 240,000 km long. Canada has the longest coastline in the world.

The most important ports on the Canada line are: VANCOUVER (Vancouver), TORONTO (Toronto), MONTREAL (Montreal).

The main shipping companies of Canada line are: MSC, NCL (low freight), EMC, HPL, APL, ZIM (medium freight, fast speed), HMM, YML, HANJIN (high freight, fastest speed).



vancouver,bc is a large commercial port on the west coast of Canada, in a narrow bay north of the city of Vancouver in the southwest of the country, at 49.17' north latitude and 123.07' west longitude. The Port of Vancouver is the largest maritime port in Canada. Ships enter and exit the port via the Strait of Georges and the Strait of Juan de Fuca. It is 126 nautical miles from Seattle, 447 nautical miles from Port-au-Prince, 812 nautical miles from San Francisco, 5,100 nautical miles from Shanghai and 5,330 nautical miles from Tianjin. There were railways from Calgary and Winnipeg to the political and economic centers of the east, and many feeder railways to the industrial and agricultural production bases of the west. The port area is divided into internal and external ports. The inner port is on both sides of the east and west narrow Bay within the Lionghai Gate, the narrow bay is more than 20 kilometers long, the main port area is on both sides of the west and north, there are more than 20 wharves with 7 ~ 15 meters of water depth, more than 60 berths, and the total length of the dock line is more than 12 kilometers. Among them, the general cargo and container terminals are distributed in the south bank of the Fengyan Memorial Pier (3 berths water depth of 12.2 meters) and Winterelm Pier (3 berths water depth of 15.5 meters). In 1990, the container handling capacity was more than 320,000 TEUs. Grain granary capacity of more than 910,000 (33.445 million bushels). In addition to the offshore anchorage, the outer port also has a special deep-water coal export terminal, which is located at Roberts Bank, about 30 kilometers due south of the inner port, with a 200,000-ton berth of 274 meters long and 19.5 meters deep at low tide. Recently, the Port Authority decided to invest $110 million in the next three years to build a container terminal here, with an annual capacity of 500,000 TEU and two berths, to be completed in 1995. In 1988, the total cargo throughput was 71.32 million tons, including 23.6 million tons of coal exports and about 10 million tons of grain exports, bulk cargo accounted for 86% of the total throughput in Hong Kong, which decreased in the past two years, and was 66.45 million metric tons in 1995. In 1985, Dalian Port became a friendly port with China. The city has a population of 560,000, about 29% of which are Chinese, including more than 1.3 million suburbs, the third largest population concentration area in Canada. Developed industry and commerce, is the west coast of Canada financial and trade center. Industries are wood processing, paper making, shipbuilding, aquatic processing, petroleum refining, machinery and so on.



The port of Toronto is located in CANADA (full name: Canada CANADA) southeast ONTARIO (ONTARIO) Lake northwest shore, northeast of MONTREAL (MONTREAL) port about 260nmile, is one of the main ports in Canada. Established as a trading port and fortress by French colonists in 1750, it is now the capital of Ontario and one of the country's financial, commercial, industrial and cultural centers. The city is home to 22 banks, 25 trust company headquarters, and the Toronto Stock Exchange, which ranks third among North American exchanges. It is an important cargo distribution center in Canada, the port has a railway line to direct the western coast of VANCOUVER (VANCOUVER) port, with the favorable conditions of international multimodal transport, it is very close to the capital OTTAWA and the port of Montreal, from the United States of NEW YORK (NEW YORK) port only 9 hours by car. Second only to Montreal in industry, the main industries are machinery manufacturing, meat processing, electrical equipment, printing, chemistry and clothing. The port is also the meeting point of eastern and Western cultures, and all ethnic groups can maintain their fine culture and art. The University of Toronto, the largest institution of higher learning in the country, has more than 100 buildings, so it has the reputation of "cultural City". The port also has the world's first CN Tower, 553m high, known as the representative of advanced construction technology. The port is about 27km from the international airport and has regular flights to all parts of the world every day. The port has a temperate continental climate, with an average temperature of about -9 ° C in January and about 20 ° C in July. When the St. LAWRENCE River freezes in the winter, it is open to boats from early April to December 20. The average annual rainfall is about 120Omm. Hong Kong includes the inner and outer parts of the western port, the main port area has 20 berths, the coastline length of 3490m, the maximum water depth of 9.2m. Loading and unloading equipment has a variety of shore cranes, portable cranes, floating cranes, container cranes and ro-ro facilities, among which the maximum lifting capacity of shore cranes up to 300 tons, there are 200mm diameter of the oil pipeline for loading and unloading use, port warehouse area of 80,000 square meters, The cargo yard covers an area of 356,000 square meters, and the container terminal has container handling vehicles with 40ft frames and a maximum lifting capacity of 56 tons, which can handle 20ft and 40ft containers. Canadian National Railway (CN) currently operates a double-decker container train between the Port of HALIFAX/Toronto/Montreal, which allows the transport to reduce weight and reduce fuel bills. In 1992, the container throughput was 19,000 TEU and the annual cargo handling capacity was about 15 million tons. The main export goods are steel pipe, grain, scrap steel, petroleum products, finished products and sundry goods, etc. The main import goods are coal, cement, steel, machinery, sugar, grain, flour, petroleum products and sundry goods. You have to pay double for working on holidays.

Port of Montreal,

MONTREAL (QC) is a commercial port in eastern Canada.

It is located near where the middle St. Lawrence River meets the Ottawa River. 838 nautical miles through the Strait of Belle Isle and 690 nautical miles through the Strait of Cabot. The St. Lawrence River is 960 kilometers long, with five freshwater lakes and the Gulf of St. Lawrence. After the comprehensive rectification in the 1950s, the water depth of the whole line is more than 8.2 meters, and the 10,000-ton sea ships can reach the Great Lakes. Due to the large lake water regulation, the channel water level is stable, and the annual freight volume is more than 40 million tons. The depth of the channel below the Port of Montreal is more than 10.9 meters, and the draft of 10 meters can be reached by sea vessels, but the impact of the cold current in Labrador, every year from December to early April for the freezing period, can not be navigable. Montreal is the largest transportation hub in eastern Canada, with 139 nautical miles to the Port of Quebec, 1,033 nautical miles to the Port of St. John's via Cabot Strait, 986 nautical miles to Halifax, and 3,286 nautical miles to Colon City, Panama via Windward Strait. There are five railway junction here, east St. John's port, Halifax port, north through the city of three Rivers, Quebec port, south to New York, west mainland Vancouver. From the upper Victoria Bridge, the port area extends about 17 kilometers southwest to northeast along the west Bank of the river, with about 50 piers. The main terminals from upstream to downstream are: urban port area, two north-south port pools in the south, 19 berths with water depths of 7.6-9.14 meters along the side, of which the west of the Windmill Pier No. 7, 9 and 10 berths for loading and unloading grain, and No. 12 berth for loading and unloading vehicles; In the north, there are three eastward jetties with a total of 16 deep-water berths in depths of 8.8-10.6 m, with berths 3 and 5 south of the Alexandre jetty and berths 14 Jack Katil used for grain handling. The Market Port area is a waterfront pier north and south of Jack Katil Bridge, with a total of 20 berths (berths No. 21-42) and a water depth of 7.6-10.6 meters. The Lauliere, Tarte and Sudeland jetties each have four berths with depths of 9.1-9.9 m for coastal trade, bulk sugar and grain handling. Berths 48-56, with a water depth of about 10 meters, are mainly used for grain handling. Dry bulk terminals, namely berths 57 and 58, with a water depth of 9.1 m, and Berths 71 and 72 with a water depth of 10.6 m. Container terminal, Racine terminal has 4 berths (59-62 berth), Cadillac Terminal, (66-68 berth, 70 berth), Bucceville Terminal (73, 74 berth), Tusk Terminal (78-80 berth), Bickeldick Terminal, (87-88 berth), the water depth of 9.1-10.6 meters. 20 oil tanker berths (94-110). There are more than 120 berths in Hong Kong, including 14 container berths, most of which are deep water berths. Coal and other bulk cargo, ranking first in Canada and 31st in the world.

Quebec: The main port is Quebec; Ottawa; Montreal