To understand the container, these 30 are enough

To understand the container, these 30 are enough

1. What are large cabinets, small cabinets, and double backs?

(1) Large container generally refers to a 40-foot container, usually 40GP and 40HQ. The 45-foot container is generally considered to be a special container.

(2) Small container generally refers to a 20-foot container, usually 20GP.

(3) Double back refers to two small cabinets of 20 feet. For example, a trailer pulls two 20-foot small containers at the same time; when hoisting in a port, two 20-foot containers are hoisted onto the ship at one time.

2. What does LCL mean? What about the whole box?

(1) Less than Container Load (Less than Container Load) refers to goods with multiple owners in a container. Small batches of goods that are less than a full container are LCL, which is operated in accordance with LCL-LCL.

(2) Full Container Load (Full Container Load) refers to a container with only one owner or manufacturer. Larger batches that can fill one or more FCLs are FCLs, according to FCL-FCL To operate.

3. What are the common specifications of containers?

(1) 40-foot high cabinet (40HC): 40 feet long, 9 feet 6 inches high; approximately 12.192 meters long, 2.9 meters high, and 2.35 meters wide. The general load is about 68CBM.

(2) 40-foot general-purpose cabinet (40GP): 40 feet long, 8 feet 6 inches high; approximately 12.192 meters long, 2.6 meters high, and 2.35 meters wide. The general load is about 58CBM.

(3) 20-foot general-purpose cabinet (20GP): 20 feet long, 8 feet 6 inches high; approximately 6.096 meters long, 2.6 meters high, and 2.35 meters wide. The general load is about 28CBM.

(4) 45-foot high cabinet (45HC): 45 feet long, 9 feet 6 inches high; approximately 13.716 meters long, 2.9 meters high, and 2.35 meters wide. The general load is about 75CBM.

4. What is the difference between a high cabinet and a general cabinet?

The tall cabinet is 1 foot taller than the ordinary cabinet (one foot equals 30.44cm). The length and width are the same regardless of whether it is a high cabinet or a general cabinet.

5. What is the weight of the cabinet? Where's the heavy box?

(1) The weight of the box: the weight of the box itself. The weight of 20GP is about 1.7 tons, and the weight of 40GP is about 3.4 tons.

(2) Heavy box: refers to the box loaded with goods, as opposed to empty box/good box.

6. What is empty box or good box?

A box that is not loaded is called an empty box. In southern China, especially in Guangdong and Hong Kong, empty boxes are usually called Ji boxes, because in Cantonese, empty and fierce have the same sound and are not auspicious, so southern China is not called empty boxes, but Ji boxes. The so-called picking up the weight of the goods is to take out the empty container, pull it away for loading, and then return the loaded heavy container.

7. What is carrying a heavy box? Drop the heavy box?

(1) Carrying heavy containers: refers to carrying heavy containers on site to the manufacturer or logistics warehouse for unloading (generally referring to imports).

(2) Drop the heavy container: It means to drop the heavy container back to the station after loading the goods in the manufacturer or logistics warehouse (generally point out the mouth).

8. What is the empty box? What is a missed box?

(1) Carrying empty containers: refers to carrying empty containers on site to the manufacturer or logistics warehouse to load (usually point out the port).

(2) Drop box: refers to the drop box (usually imported) after unloading at the factory or logistics warehouse.

9. What box type does DC stand for?

DC refers to Dry Container, 20GP, 40GP, 40HQ and other cabinets are dry containers.

10. What box type does OT stand for?

OT is the abbreviation of Open Top, which refers to an open top cabinet, that is, a cabinet with no top of the box but a tent on the top of the box.

11. What does the half-open door mean? To

A container with a half-side opening door.

12. What does the bill of lading number mean?

It is usually the number given to you by the freight forwarder, which may be the bill number of the owner's bill (MBL) or the bill number of the freight forwarding bill (HBL). Generally, you can back the box according to the ship name/voyage number and the bill of lading number. Empty or heavy container.

13. What is the box number/cabinet number?

Refers to the container number. This number is unique in the world and consists of four letters and seven numbers. The first three letters are the code of the container owner (shipping company or charter company), the fourth letter is U, and the next six. The number is the serial number, and the last number is the check code. The box number is usually asked by the driver, because the driver only knows the box number when he goes to pick up the box. The box number is used in customs declaration, document preparation, and warehouse receipt entry.

14. What is the lead number?

It refers to the number of the seal that locks the container door. The lead seal is generally provided by the shipping company and needs to be purchased at a cost of 50 yuan each.

15. What are exported goods?

Carry empty containers at the site to the factory or logistics warehouse to load the goods, and then declare for export.

16. What are imported goods?

After import customs clearance, carry heavy boxes on site to the manufacturer or designated place for unloading.  

17. What does empty driving mean?

Refers to the empty container being pulled back to the station after the car arrives at the manufacturer or logistics warehouse and cannot be loaded due to various reasons.

18. What does unpacking mean?

Refers to the present station pulling the boxes from this station to another station, or instead of taking the boxes from top to bottom, but removing the top boxes and extracting the boxes underneath. This situation is more likely to occur when specifying the box number or customs inspection.

19. What is the container depot?

Usually refers to the place where boxes are stacked and managed on or near the dock. Drivers usually carry boxes to the station. Correspondingly, there is something called a station receipt. The transfer of containers between the station and the driver is handled with the station receipt.

20. What is generally on the bill of lading?

The contents of the bill of lading generally include bill of lading number, ship name and voyage, box weight, cargo description, number of pieces, gross weight, volume, number of boxes, issuer and signature, etc.

21. What matters should be paid attention to when shipping?

Explain to the car owner whether you are exporting or importing, container type, container volume, cargo weight, location, station, as well as agreement on whether to arrive at the manufacturer, special requirements for boxes, etc.

22. What problems should be paid attention to when writing a car dispatch form?

Write as clear as possible, because some drivers do not know English letters at all. Ship name, voyage, bill of lading number, station, arrival time, manufacturer address, contact number, box special requirements and manufacturer’s special requirements must be clearly written. If there is an invoice, please write it clearly, and don’t let the driver make the wrong letter.

In addition, the issues that should be paid attention to should be written on it. For example, some goods have very strict requirements on the cabinet. You must explain it to the driver clearly, so as to avoid the cost and the driver cannot be explained clearly.

23. What is the equipment transfer order?

When exporting the suitcase, you must first place the order, and then get a multi-linked "Equipment Handover Form". The driver will pick up the case, leave the station, inbound, and return the box with this equipment handover form.

24. What time does the export box yard put the boxes?

It's usually 10 o'clock, but usually there are no people at the place where the order is processed at 9 o'clock, so the delivery job must be back at about 8 o'clock, because the driver has to drop the box first.

25. What does overload mean? Overweight?

(1) Overload: Generally, it means that the tonnage of cargo on the vehicle exceeds the weight limit of the vehicle;

(2) Overweight: Generally, it means that the tonnage of the loaded cargo exceeds the weight limit of the container.

26. What do packing and unpacking mean?

(1) Loading means carrying empty boxes to load.

(2) Unloading means carrying heavy boxes to the factory for unloading.

27. What does it mean to go back again?

It refers to pulling the goods and then pulling the goods back, not returning or driving.

28. What is the weight charge?

The "weighted toll" at high-speed toll gates refers to the collection of tolls based on the weight and tonnage of the vehicle.

29. What is the box loss fee?

Refers to the expenses incurred when the imported boxes are found to be damaged after they are unloaded.

30. What is the washing fee?

Refers to the washing fee incurred when the box is found to be dirty.