What's in Europe Basic Port? Introduction to world Routes 3


Industry Encyclopedia

European basic ports include ROTTERDAM in the Netherlands, HAMBURG and BREMERHAVEN in Germany, ANTWERP and ZEEBRUGGE in Belgium, LE HAVRE in France, FELIXSTOWE, SOUTHAMPTON and THAMESPORT in the UK. These ports are the first point of contact for shipowners.


The container size at Ouji Port is the same price, and the composition of sea freight is: O/F+ORC+DOC+SEAL+ISPS+ENS


European route surcharge notes.

1) ORC: RECEIVING CHARGE in English is "ORIGIN RECEIVING CHARGE", or dock charge in South China, which is approximately RMB1000/1850/1850/2000(20 'GP/40' GP/40 'HQ/45' HQ). This is slightly different.

2) ENS: English is "ENTRY SUMMARY DECLARATION", Chinese is short for "Entry Summary Declaration" of goods exported to the EU. The declaration is made by the carrier as agent, and the declaration fee is USD25/BILL.

3) DOC: English "DOCUMENT", document fee means that the carrier makes the cargo BILL of lading according to the shipper's actual loading information and according to the material replenishment provided by the shipper. The fee standard is RMB300/BILL.

4) ISPS: "INTERNATIONAL SHIP AND PORT FACILITY SECURITY", port security surcharge, which is charged according to the Port Safety and Security Regulations of 2002. Starting from 2004, all routes in Europe will be charged with this charge, the standard is USD10/ container.

5) SEAL: Container seal fee. Each empty container of the shipowner is equipped with corresponding seal lock (usually made of lead, KMTC is bullet seal) for customers to seal the container. This seal lock fee is charged at RMB25/ piece standard.



Nature of port: river port, free port, Basic port (C, M)

Latitude and longitude: 53° 33’n, 009° 59’e located in Germany (full name: THE right bank OF the lower ELBE River in the north of THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY, about 76n mile from the estuary and near the HELGO-LANDER Bay, is the largest port in Germany and the second largest container port in Europe. Founded in 1189, has a history of more than 800 years, has developed into the world's largest free port, in the center of the free port has the world's largest warehouse city, an area of 500,000 m∧<2>. At the same time, it is different from other seaports in that it is located in the center of the European market of the European Community, the European Free Trade Association and the Economic and Mutual Association, which makes it the most important transit seaport in Europe. It is an important railway and air hub in Germany. The city spans both sides of the Elbe River. The city is criss-crossed by rivers and Bridges, and there are cross tunnels under the Elbe River. Industry and commerce developed, is the shipbuilding industry center of Germany, the main industries in addition to shipbuilding are electronics, petroleum refining, metallurgy, machinery, chemical, rubber and food, etc. The port is about 15km from the airport. Hong Kong is a temperate maritime climate, the year more westerly wind, mild humid, more winter rain. The average annual temperature is -4℃ in January and 20℃ in July. The annual average rainfall is about 800mm. The mean tidal range is 2.8m.



Nature of Port: Estuary sea, bonded warehouse, base Hong Kong (C, M)

Longitude and latitude: 51° 55’n, 004° 30’e

Located on THE southwest coast OF THE KINGDOM of the NETHERLANDS (full name: THE KINGDOM OF THE NETHERLANDS) on the delta formed by the confluence of the RHEIN and MAAS rivers west into the sea. It was founded in the late 13th century as a small seaport and trading center. In 1600 it became the second largest commercial port in the Netherlands. In 1870, the waterway connecting the port to the North Sea (the city is about 16n mile from the mouth of the sea) was renovated and developed rapidly. It has been the world's largest freight port since the 1960s and is the gateway to and from the Rhine Valley. It is now the second largest city in the Netherlands, a transportation hub of water, land and air, and an important commercial and financial center. Rotterdam is now the world's largest port of cargo throughput, the commodity distribution center of Western Europe, and the largest container port in Europe. The main industries are oil refining, shipbuilding, petrochemicals, iron and steel, food and machinery manufacturing. It is home to large refineries, whose refining capacity accounts for more than half of the Netherlands' total capacity, making it one of the three largest refining centers in the world. Because many of its famous buildings are modern, Luhavang is known as "the most modern city in Europe". The port is about 6km from the airport and 70km from Amsterdam Airport.



Nature of port: Gulf estuary port, with free trade zone, basic port (C)

Longitude and latitude: 49° 29’n, 000° 07’e

Located in THE northwest coast OF FRANCE (full name: THE REPUBLIC OF FRANCE) SEINE estuary north bank, near the east side of the Seine (EINE) bay, is the second largest port and the largest container port in France, is also the gateway of import and export of the industrial area of the middle and lower Seine. The port handles cargo transshipment between France and North and South America, and is an ideal transshipment port to and from Spain, Portugal, Ireland and Scotland, saving three or four days compared with northern European ports. There is also a motorway and rail link to Paris, which takes only 2 hours and connects all of France and Western Europe. The main industries are shipbuilding, machinery, petrochemical, wood processing, electrical equipment and food, etc. The port is about 7km from the airport and has regular flights to Paris and other places.


ENS declaration

1) ENS data for customs declaration should be provided for goods exported to Europe. What should we pay attention to in terms of cost and time?

A: ENS (ENTRY SUMMARY DECLARATION). From January 1, 2011, all goods imported from EU, stopped at EU ports, or transshipped by EU need to declare manifest in advance. Eu Customs requires carriers to submit ENS declaration 48 hours before sailing. However, in practice, the deadline for ENS of the carrier is 48 hours before the customs cut-off, and the cost standard is USD25/BILL for ENS declaration through the carrier.


2) What declaration data are involved in ENS declaration of goods exported to Europe? What consequences will be caused if ENS is not declared?

A: The information required by ENS is roughly the same as that of ordinary bill of lading, but the address of bill of lading and description of goods are more accurate, including the company name, address, country, city and postcode of the consignee or consignor and the notifier. Other information includes the container number and seal, the exact description of the goods, the type of packaging and the HS CODE of the goods, the UN code of dangerous goods. After ENS is sent, EU Customs will make a risk assessment on the goods and give corresponding notice of loading or not loading and inspection operation. For goods without ENS declaration, EU Customs will impose fines on the carrier. In order to avoid fines and bad records, the carrier will not arrange shipment operation for goods without ENS declaration.


3) Does HB/L need to declare ENS? What impact will it have if ENS is modified after sailing?

Answer: Different from AMS/ACI in the US/Canada line, ENS is not required for HB/L to declare, while MB/L's consignee is a freight forwarding company, which can be accepted. Therefore, ENS is not required for HB/L. If ENS is modified after the ship leaves, EU Customs needs to re-examine the ENS data and re-evaluate the cargo risk. If the cargo is about to arrive at the port, due to the time limit of assessment, the container unloading may be delayed, thus causing the shipowner to charge a high penalty for document amendment.